Radnor Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 31,531. Radnor Township lies along the Main Line, a collection of highly affluent Philadelphia suburbs.
Villanova University, Cabrini College, the Valley Forge Military Academy and College and Eastern University are all located within Radnor Township.
Radnor Township was founded 1682 as a land grant from William Penn. The township was part of the Welsh Tract and was named for Radnorshire in Wales. In 1717, the Welsh Friends erected a Quaker meetinghouse (Radnor Friends Meetinghouse) near what is now the intersection of Conestoga Road and Sproul Road at the geographic center of the township. The new town, “Radnorville”, later known as the community of “Ithan” after nearby Ithan Creek, grew around the meetinghouse. The Welsh influence waned in the late 18th century as many left the area due to high taxation. Stone monuments were erected in various locations throughout the township in the late 20th century to commemorate the township’s Welsh heritage.
Other historic structures in Radnor Township include the Sorrel Horse, a former tavern located on Conestoga Road that sheltered George Washington and Lafayette during the Continental Army’s retreat back to Philadelphia from the Battle of Brandywine.
Lancaster Pike, the first toll road in the United States, connected the cities of Philadelphia and Lancaster, Pennsylvania, passing through Radnor Township, opened in 1794. That road is now part of the Lincoln Highway (U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania). The Columbia Railroad, later part of the Pennsylvania Railroad also passed through in 1832. Thus, Radnor is one of the towns associated with the local moniker “Main Line.” A separate railroad passing through Radnor Township, the Philadelphia and Western Railroad, was opened in the early 20th century. The “Main Line” railroad facilities and a portion of the P&W facilities are still used by SEPTA (the Philadelphia area’s transit authority), and the “Main Line” railroad tracks are also used by AMTRAK.
In the 1880s, George W. Childs bought property in the community of Louella in the western part of Radnor Township, renamed the area Wayne, Pennsylvania (after American Revolutionary War hero Anthony Wayne) and organized one of the United States’s first suburban developments.
The Radnor Friends Meetinghouse and Woodcrest are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Radnor Township is located at 40°2′0″N 75°22′18″W (40.033433, -75.371843).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.8 square miles (35.7 km²). 13.8 square miles (35.6 km²) of it is land and 0.07% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,878 people, 10,347 households, and 6,373 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,244.3 inhabitants per square mile (866.4/km²). There were 10,731 housing units at an average density of 779.9 per square mile (301.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 89.55% White, 5.67% Asian, 3.09% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,347 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the township the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 24.0% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the township was $86,812, and the median income for a family was $113,601. Males had a median income of $71,308 versus $42,652 for females. The per capita income for the township was $39,813. About 2.4% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Public schools: Pupils in Radnor Township attend Radnor Township School District. Radnor High School is the sole public high school of the district.
Private schools: Archbishop John Carroll High School, a Roman Catholic High School in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.Valley Forge Military Academy and College contains a boarding school program for seventh through twelfth grades. The Agnes Irwin School is an all-girls school for prekindergarten through twelfth grade. St. Katharine of Siena is a Catholic school in Wayne for students in kindergarten through eighth grade. The Hill Top Preparatory School is a school located in Ithan for students with learning disabilities in sixth through twelfth grade, and is now accommodating fifth graders, as of September 2011.
Colleges and Universities: Villanova University, Eastern University, and Cabrini College are located within Radnor Township. Valley Forge Military Academy and College operates a two-year junior college.